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At age 16, Emily Hill was the first in her family to join the Church. Despite the challenges and opposition she faced, she pulled her handcart 1, miles across the plains, determined to get to Zion. Mary Martha Wanlass brought her family across the plains at age 14 after her stepmother died and her father had a stroke that left him bedridden.
Benjamin Hampton wrote about his experience braving the winter of at age 19 with a team of rescuers to assist the Saints still traveling late in the season. Mary and her family arrived in Lehi, Utah, in Also among the stories of extraordinary pioneer youth is that of Emily Hill, who was the first in her family to join the Church, at age 16, and left her home in England for Zion with her sister despite facing opposition.
Hungry Devils and Other Tales from Vanuatu by Bryan Webb - Book - Read Online
Slade testified of Joseph Smith and the restored gospel and invited the family to attend a Church meeting with her the next Sunday. Her older sister Julia later gained a similar testimony, but their family otherwise opposed the Church and disapproved of their being baptized or associating with the Saints. Willie company to Utah.
The journey was difficult, and Emily said many backed out within a few days, but she was determined to pull her handcart all the way to Salt Lake City. The Mormon Pioneer Overland Travel database identifies 61 young men under 21 who braved the cold winter of alongside other men in these rescue companies, which Brigham Young sent in October to rescue the thousands of pioneers still traveling to the Salt Lake Valley late in the season. The Hodgetts and Hunt wagon companies unloaded and stored most of their possessions at Fort Seminoe in order to make room for fatigued members of the Martin company.
Twenty men stayed behind at the fort to guard the goods these companies left behind. Many religions contain an enemy of the system : a being that questions why things are the way they are, who challenges the supreme power s , who accuses them of hypocrisy and who leads mankind away from cosmic ideals of subservience and acquiescence 1.
Satan in World Religions. Aside from Satan in World Religions. Jinns are the personifications of what is uncanny in nature, or perhaps the hostile and unsubdued aspects of it.
By trying to separate the "evil" side of the natural world from the "good", these religious beliefs make it very hard to understand the natural world. In reality there is no good and evil, and natural forces are simply impartial, amoral and blind. It is a great boost to the ego to believe that cosmic forces are fighting over you , but reality is much more boring.
By creating hosts of demons and devils to represent the evil, and then trying to blot them out, these religionists lose grip of reality. This is why scientists - who study the truth - have very frequently come into battle with religious institutions! Now, the development of such arch-nemeses has come by various historical means and is not universal. In the Hebrew world, over time the disparate hosts of demons slowly came to be seen as being organized under various demon-princes. As superstitions slowly decreased, the number of individual, unique demons fell.
In their place arose the more philosophically-minded idea of a generic personification of conscious evil which was incidentally under the control of god.
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But it was all-too-easy to imagine that there was a genuine battle between God and ha-Satan the opposer , although to believe that you have to find a way of explaining why the all-knowing creator of everything chose to create Satan at all. You'd think it would simply pass him by. These philosophical problems are the result of a mythology that developed over time, rather than the result of one that was worked out sensibly from the beginning.
In India there is no such all-pervading figure that represents evil. Gods have good and angry sides, so, no single figure of torment was necessary. But A. Macdonell reports that this wasn't always the case - there was once the idea of a cosmic battle between good and evil more akin to Zoroastrianism.
He says: "the older Rig-Vedic notion of the conflict of a single god with a single demon, mainly exemplified by Indra and Vrta, gradually developed into that of the gods and the Asuras in general being arrayed against each other in two hostile camps" 4 , although nowadays and for some time , such abstract notions are not given credence amongst the world's most populous nation. It still has followers today 8. It arose in ancient pre-Islamic Iran "in the eastern and south-central regions of the Iranian world, between the great mountain ranges of the Hindu Kush and Seistan, an area that today is divided between Iran and Afghanistan " and it still survives there, although it faces constant and sometimes violent persecution.
It was supposedly founded by Zarathustra Zoroaster 7. But Zoroastrianism is mostly often called dualistic 1 because most concerns are to do with Ahura Mazda's twin children "Spentu Mainyu 'beneficient spirit' and Angra Mainyu 'hostile spirit' " 7.
The hostile spirit is better known by its Middle Persian equivalent: Ahriman. Their different temperaments arise "from the choice they made between 'truth,' asha, and the 'lie,' druj, between good thoughts, good words, and good deeds and evil thoughts, evil words and evil deeds" 7.
Hungry Devils and other tales from Vanuatu
The cycle of rebirth samsara is a cycle of angst, pain and delusion, and only escape from the whole system can end suffering. In this context death is always regarded as an evil, the unwelcome Antaka , the ender of an existence which is not ready to be ended" But where there is none of this, there is no coming in for you. There are surprisingly few references to Satan in World Religions. There was a being called the opposer , or the adversary. It was only later that "Satan" became a name of a being It is not the name of a particular character.
Although Hebrew storytellers as early as the sixth century B. As various authors copied copies of the Hebrew Scriptures, changes accumulated in the stories. Sometimes, the same story appears twice. There are even two accounts of the Creation that contradict each other in the details. One such doubled story shows us clearly that the Old Testament God is evil, and Satan itself is not a separate being, but is actually part of God, a face of God.
There is one occasion when David took a census of his men in order to count how many could fight in the armies of Israel. Then report back to me so that I may know how many there are.
What had happened is that God had a rule: That David was not allowed to 'number' Israel. But, for some reason, David went ahead and did so. As a result, God punished them all for breaking his rule. But, it is very telling when we examine the preceding verse: Who inspired David to count Israel's fighting men? In one copy of the story, we are told Satan told David to do so.
In the other, it was God. How can this be? A similar confusion of roles happens in the Book of Job.
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So, Satan in World Religions. Other translations such as Young's Literal Translation phrase it in the same way. God and Satan in World Religions. Most people equate Lucifer with Satan in World Religions. Although Isaiah was not actually referring to the Devil, but to the King of Babylon, the name Lucifer has become associated with Satan in World Religions.
The academic world has realized the errors. For example, in Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary stated:. The planet Venus, when appearing as the morning star; -- applied in Isaiah by a metaphor to a king of Babylon. But because of the association of that name with Satan in World Religions. So not only is the association of Lucifer with Satan in World Religions.
Sura 18 Al-Kahf - The Cave. What, and do you take him and his seed to be your friends, apart from Me, and they an enemy to you? How evil is that exchange for the evildoers! Translation: Arthur Arberry. Academic translation, free from sectarian bias. The downside is that the semi-literal translation can make the text hard to understand in places. Sura 7 Al-Araf - The Heights. Those of them that follow thee -- I shall assuredly fill Gehenna with all of you. This whom Thou hast honoured above me -- if Thou deferrest me to the Day of Resurrection I shall assuredly master his seed, save a few.
Those of them that follow thee -- surely Gehenna shall be your recompense, an ample recompense! Sura 20 Taha - Taha. So let him not expel you both from the Garden, so that thou art unprosperous. And Adam disobeyed his Lord, and so he erred. He said, 'Your Lord has only prohibited you from this tree lest you become angels, or lest you become immortals.
And their Lord called to them, 'Did not I prohibit you from this tree, and say to you, "Verily Satan is for you a manifest foe"? In the earth a sojourn shall be yours, and enjoyment for a time. We have sent down on you a garment to cover your shameful parts, and feathers; and the garment of godfearing -- that is better; that is one of God's signs; haply they will remember. Let not Satan tempt you as he brought your parents out of the Garden, stripping them of their garments to show them their shameful parts.
Surely he sees you, he and his tribe, from where you see them not. We have made the Satans the friends of those who do not believe. It is hard to find a comparison for Satan in World Religions. Browsing through " Norse Mythology " by Arthur Cotterell 22 which is a part of his larger more generic work I noted two beings: Nidhogg and Ymir.